Sexual arousal (also sexual excitement) is referred to the changes in breath, pulse, muscle contraction and blood flow to the genitals. In women, the hyperemia leads to softness of vagina, swelling of clitoris and discoloration of labia minora, and in men, it leads to erection of penis, enlargement of testicles and discoloration of penis.
The operation of sexual arousal controlled by the central nervous system is still mysterious. The aforementioned changes do not necessarily occur during male and female sexual activities. Rather, it has different stages in terms of intensity and level of arousal. In other words, during the different menstrual cycle, the intensity and level of sexual arousal vary in women. Moreover, many changes may occur in the level and intensity of women’s arousal during fertility.
Sexual arousal problems in women are often associated with vaginal dryness or painful intercourse. If these problems do not have a physical origin, such as fungal infection, are classified as manifestations of sexual dysfunction. In some women, there is no change in the genital area despite the mental arousal. In others, although the person is physically aroused, vaginal wetting and other changes do not occur, and in the third group, neither mental nor physical arousal occurs.
It should be noted that a skilled sex therapist or psychiatrist is responsible for the diagnosis of any of these cases. so if you have encountered problems in this regard, consult a skilled sex therapist immediately.
It should be noted that women’s arousal disorder is an acquired diagnosis; meaning that they may develop the disorder for any reason after a while. Most of them can be evaluated and treated by a skilled sex therapist. Communicational problems and the lack of considering women’s needs often play a key role in the appearance of such problems.
In postmenopausal women, the root cause of lack of vaginal wetting and sexual arousal is evaluated compared to what previously seemed sexually arousing. Most of these women have the necessary motivation and aspiration to reach sexual pleasure. However, they do not reach it in an incomprehensible way. Some patients also report that a mental problem often prevents them from being aroused during sexual intercourse. In these cases, doing the suggested practices given by the sex therapist will help a lot in treatment. Remember that the first step in solving this problem is to raise the issue with your spouse in a peaceful manner. Referring to a sex therapy clinic with your spouse will be necessary and helpful as well.
A sex therapist will train you and your spouse that will help regain your arousal feelings. Sometimes during treatment, you will need to visit a clinical psychologist to treat your and your partner’s mood disorders first. A clinical psychologist can also advise you some skills to express yourself, improve your attitude towards yourself, manage your anger, etc.